Kraus Back and Neck Institute in Houston, TX

Relief from Lower Back and Neck Pain

surgery optionsavoid surgery
      At the Kraus Back and Neck Institute (KBNI), we specialize
                 in non-surgical as well as surgical treatments
                                of Back and Neck  Pain
     Conservative to Surgical Options: MINIMALLY INVASIVE SPINE SUGERY 
 "Applying Science to the Art of Medicine"                                                  
                 Dr. Kraus is available for Neurosurgery consultation (surgical and non-surgical) in Houston.
                      Offices:  1) West Houston Medical Center
                                    2) Memorial Hermann Memorial City Hospital
                                    3) Katy
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      To arrange  an appointment, call 281-870-9292,  visit
or   send an e mail
              For national and international patients, we can help with  travel arrangements
                                         top doctors houston texas 2007 top docs united states neurosurgery spine   top doctors houston texas 2008 top docs united states neurosurgery spine  top doctors houston texas 2009 top docs united states neurosurgery spine   best doctors in america, united states neurosurgery spine
                                            Dr. Kraus is honored to be listed in
                                            "Best Doctors in America" (2001-2008) and
                                             "Top Doctors of Houston, Texas" (2007, 2008, 2009)     

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Low Back Pain, can be very debilitating.  The effects of Low Back Pain in the USA are staggering!!

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   last updated
  June 19, 2009

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kyphoplasty, vertebroplasty (kyphon - kyph), Houston

More on Osteoporosis

Osteoporotic compression fractures of the spine (thoracic and lumbar) can be very painful.  Each year, 700,000 people in the United States will suffer compression fractures of the spine due to osteoporosis.  Two techniques which are available to improve pain from osteoporotic compression fractures of the spine, and restore some of the height of the vertebral body lost in a compression fracture.  These techniques are known  as vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty (Kyphon - kyph).  Both techniques ( vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty) involve injecting  cement into the collapsed vertebral body in either the thoracic spine or the lumbar spine, or both.  With vertebroplasty the cement is injected into the collapsed vertebral body, whereas with kyphoplasty (kyphon - kyph),  the vertebral body is first opened up or reduced, by the use of a balloon on each side of the vertebral body.  During kyphoplasty (kyphon - kyph), the balloon and cement are introduced through the pedicle of the vertebrtal body.  During the kyphoplasty procedure, the cement is introduced in a low pressure manner, since the cement is filling the void in the bone which was created by the balloon.  Using this low pressure approach of kyphoplasty decreases the risk of forcing cement into the blood stream, reducing risks of complications of cement migrating into the blood and lungs.

Both techniques, vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty (kyphon - kyph) have increased risk when there is siginficant retropulsion of bone into the spinal canal.  This is because, when the cement is introduced during either technique (vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty (kyphon - kyph)), it may leak back into the spinal canal, and impinge on the spinal cord or nerve roots. 

Both procedures (vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty (kyphon - kyph) are performed under x ray guidance.  This allows the spine surgeon or neurosurgeon to make a small incision is made in the back at the appropriate level, and the procedure is done under fluoroscopy. 

In cases where appropriate, both vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty (kyphon - kyph) can be used at more than one level.

Technique of Kyphoplasty

kyphoplasty houston texas osteoporotic compression fractureThe normal bones of the spine (thoracic or lumber) have a rectangular appearance, as is seen here. On top of, and below the bone, are the intervertebral disc spaces.




kyphoplasty spinal osteoporotic compression fracture houston, texasWhen bone in the spine becomes weak, as happens in the case of aging, it may have an increased risk of fracture.  This fracture typically takes on the appearance in which the end plates on the top and bottom of the vertebral body come closer together.  This is typically the appearance of an osteoporotic compression fracture.  A compression fracture may also occur when there is tumor within the substance of the vertebral body, and this is known as a pathologic fracture.

balloon placed in osteoporotic compression fracture houston texas

During the kyphoplasty procedure, an opening is made, through the skin, into the pedicle, and subsequently into the vertebral body of the spine.  The hole is large enough to pass a small balloon.



balloon expanded in osteoporotic compression fractureOnce the balloon is inserted, it is inflated, to expand the vertebral body, and "reduce" the spinal osteoporotic compression fracture.  Sometimes the compression fracture can be improved in height substantially, and at other times, only partially.



hollow space in osteoporotic compression fracture kyphoplasty, houston, texas

Once the cavity has been created in the osteoporotic spinal bone, the balloon is removed, leaving a hollow space.




kyphon kyph cement methylmethacrylate filling osteoporotic compression fracture

The cavity of the spinal osteoporotic compression fracture is then filled, in a low pressure manner, with cement.




kyphoplasty internal case of methylmethacrylate cement houston texasWhen the cement hardens inside the spinal osteoporotic compression fracture, an internal cast is created.  This internal cast will provide additional substance and support to the osteoporotic compression fracture, resulting in decreased pain in most cases.  Once the cement is hard, the patient can get up and assume most of his/her activities.  Of course, the adjacent bones are still weak, and care must be taken to avoid injury to those levels.



Kyphoplasty is performed in Houston Texas at the Kraus Back and Neck Institute.  There are three offices in Houston Texas which are conveniently located on the medical campuses of West Houston Medical Center, and Memorial Hermann Memorial City Hospital, as well as in Katy, Texas.  The Kraus Back and Neck Institute serves patients in the Houston area, surrounding areas in Texas, as well as other states in the United States, and abroad.  Three convenient locations are available in Houston.  Please contact us at 281-870-9292, to help with your travel and hotel arrangements.





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